Polyester Fabric

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Characteristics of Polyester Fabric

Polyester fabrics are extremely strong, very durable, and resistant to stretching or shrinking in the wash. They are also wrinkle resistant, which means there is very little need to iron them after washing if you hang them up to dry and then fold carefully, or hang in the wardrobe.

Polyester fabric is hydrophobic which means it is very quick to dry, and is therefore an excellent fabric for insulation of heat in cold weather. Polyester is also excellent at retaining its shape and so very good for outdoor clothing as well as indoor garments.

Polyester blended with cotton is known as polycotton and this mix helps the cotton to keep its shape and prevent it from creasing. This is sometimes referred to as having a ‘permanent press’ ability.  Patterns, stripes, spots and checks can easily be designed into this fabric, giving it a truly versatile personality and easy to change the colours and designs as fashions change every season.

What you can make with Polyester

The earliest use of polyester was for men’s suits back in the 1970s and the recent development of luxury polyester microfiber which gives it the look and feel of natural has silk has made this fabric into one of the most popular choices for expensive clothing this decade.

Polyester clothing ranges from all styles of outerwear, dresses, blouses, shirts, trousers, and it is especially useful for clothes which need to be washed and worn again every week, such as Work uniforms, school uniforms, overalls and aprons.

Used with other fabrics as linings and paddings, it makes perfect outerwear for coats and jackets and the range of colours and patterns it can be produced in, means that you can usually find exactly the right shade or pattern for the garment you have chosen to make.

Caring for Polyester garments

Taking care of any polyester garments is very easy and time efficient. It can be machine washed and machine dried on a low heat setting in any drier with no harmful effects. The use of a fabric softener will aid the drying process at low temperatures and while it does not usually require much ironing, if you do wish to iron a blouse or dress, then use only a warm temperature. A hot iron can scorch the fabric.

Dry cleaning Polyester fabric is fine if it has trims that cannot be washed, such as suede, leather or silk, or a lining that cannot be machine washed. It can be scrunched up without causing any wear or setting in any creases or wrinkles.

History of Polyester

Some of the earliest types of Polyester were invented by the two British scientists named Whinfield and Dickson in 1941.In 1950, duPont manufactured another polyester fibre, which they named Dacron. Later that year, Terylene was created by Whinfield and Dickson which was manufactured by Imperial Chemical Industries or ICI. Polyester first appeared in America in 1951 and was marketed as a magical fabric that needed no ironing, which led to its huge popularity up to the 1970s.